- Title: Phenelzine Withdrawal
- Authored by Philippa Gold
- Edited by Hugh Soames
- Reviewed by Michael Por
- Detox and Withdrawal from Phenelzine: At Worlds Best Rehab, we strive to provide the most up-to-date and accurate information on the web so our readers can make informed decisions. Our subject matter experts specialize in addiction treatment and behavioral healthcare. We follow strict guidelines when fact-checking information and only use credible sources when citing statistics and medical information. Look for the badge on our articles for the most up-to-date and accurate information. If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate or out-of-date, please let us know via our Contact Page
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What is Phenelzine
Phenelzine is one of the most widely abused drugs in North America and Worldwide. Addiction is nothing now, but what is new is the super worrying trend of increasing deaths due to Phenelzine overdose. In part, this can be said to be due to a number of factors such as:
- Lack of education around Phenelzine
- Increase in Pharmaceutical Prescriptions generally
- A failure of Governments worldwide to do enough to stop Phenelzine addiction and related deaths
- Societal thinking regarding addicts and Phenelzine addiction
- Lack of Harm Reduction methods around Phenelzine usage
- Lack of addiction related education in the medical professional
Further reading about Phenelzine from around the web
Phenelzine, sold under the brand name Nardil, among others, is a non-selective and irreversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) of the hydrazine class which is primarily used as an antidepressant and anxiolytic. Along with tranylcypromine and isocarboxazid, phenelzine is one of the few non-selective and irreversible MAOIs still in widespread clinical use. It is typically available in 15 mg tablets and doses usually range from 45–90 mg per day.
Synthesis of phenelzine was first described by Emil Votoček and Otakar Leminger in 1932.
What Are Phenelzine Withdrawal Symptoms?
Withdrawal from Phenelzine is a serious matter. The effects on the body from Phenelzine use is extreme, and because of these effects Phenelzine withdrawal can very quickly become an acute medical emergency. Withdrawal from Phenelzine can cause a hypertensive crisis or myocardial infraction. In other words, a stroke or heart attack caused by sudden stoppage in taking Phenelzine or respiratory distress syndrome whereby your body shuts down from the lungs and respiratory system outwards. Phenelzine withdrawal can also lead to serious anxiety and mental health related issues.
Never in any circumstances underestimate the seriousness of Phenelzine withdrawal1https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2891684/. If you are withdrawing from Phenelzine it is advisable to seek medical attention and in the case of medical emergency from Phenelzine withdrawal do not hesitate to head to the nearest Emergency Room.
Phenelzine withdrawal will vary for everyone and will be affected by several factors. The length and severity of Phenelzine use with be one of the main predictors of withdrawal symptoms and intensity. With Phenelzine withdrawal, it’s impossible to accurately predict how an individual will react to withdrawal.
Phenelzine Withdrawal Timeline
Full Phenelzine withdrawal often takes seven to fourteen days but sometimes longer, and the Phenelzine withdrawal symptoms are categorized according to their severity.
There are no minor symptoms of Phenelzine withdrawal. The first symptoms to exhibit themselves, usually 3-12 hours after Phenelzine withdrawal starts proper are headaches, tremors, sweating, itching, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and total confusion with anxiety or depression.
These are followed relatively quickly by the next stage in Phenelzine withdrawal timeline by:
- Digestive discomfort
- Heart palpitations
- Panic attacks
- Muscle pain
- Delirium tremens
Worryingly, every time an individual attempts Phenelzine withdrawal the severity of symptoms tends to increase.
Phenelzine withdrawal has a mortality rate of between three and 19 per cent, depending on seriousness of Phenelzine usage.
Withdrawal from Phenelzine is a physically demanding process, in which the body will utilize every means possible to remove toxins, while creating psychological challenges because of the changes to the individuals brain chemistry.
Phenelzine Detox Process
The severity of Phenelzine detox makes it a process that should be approached carefully. Phenelzine Detox, especially for those with a heavy or long-lasting Phenelzine dependency, produces a range of symptoms and in extreme cases withdrawal can be fatal. However much they may want to end their addiction to Phenelzine, it’s vital to seek medical advice and enlist the support of their loved ones.
Phenelzine Withdrawal at a Rehab
Detoxing from Phenelzine within a treatment facility ensures medical help if it’s needed during the treatment process. Because Phenelzine rebound is a significant danger during withdrawal, having medical personnel present 24-hours a day can mean an instant response to any hypertensive or life-threatening crisis that may occur as a professional tapering process lowers the chances of patients experiencing fatal episodes.
Phenelzine withdrawal and detox begins with an initial medical exam to determine the patient’s physical condition upon entry into the rehab. This pre-detox Phenelzine withdrawal period can last up to 24 hours, as medical personnel determines both the patient’s general medical condition and drug history.
Detoxification of the patient’s body from Phenelzine begins after the pre-detox period ends. Medically assisted or tapered withdrawal from Phenelzine can take up to a few weeks to complete.
Rapid Detox from Phenelzine
Rapid detox from Phenelzine is a controversial topic and one that is unlikely to be accepted by everyone for its positive uses. It is a concept that has helped individuals addicted to Phenelzine and other drugs kick the habit and gain the help they need to live a healthier lifestyle.
A patient undergoing a rapid detox from Phenelzine is put under anesthesia for up to six hours. During this time, an opioid antagonist drug such as naltrexone is used to remove the Phenelzine from the patient’s body. Rapid detox can alleviate some of the more distressing symptoms of Phenelzine withdrawal.
The Phenelzine rapid detox method is used to stop a patient from feeling the devastating effects of Phenelzine withdrawal. Sedating the patient and putting them under anaesthesia allows them to “sleep” through the initial heavy Phenelzine withdrawal and detox process. The hope is that after the rapid detox process, the patient will wake up with their body completely clean of Phenelzine. The remainder of the withdrawal process will be minimal enabling the person to get on with the rehab process. Throughout rapid detox, the patient is monitored to ensure safety.
Does Phenelzine Rapid Detox Help Withdrawal Symptoms?
Experts claim that rapid detox from Phenelzine is a safe way to cleanse the body. It is also more pleasant as individuals who go through Phenelzine withdrawal can experience shakes, sweats, nausea, and other issues for long periods.
Phenelzine withdrawal can take weeks to fully complete. However, rapid detox from Phenelzine can take only a few days to a week at most. While the process of undergoing anaesthesia is just a few hours, Phenelzine detox patients can be kept in a medical clinic for monitoring afterwards. The process enables a patient to get – for many – the most difficult and frightening part of rehab out of the way. Once completed, patients can focus on the mental and emotional side of recovery.
For most Phenelzine addicts, the biggest barrier of attending rehab is withdrawal. The pain and distress Phenelzine withdrawal can have on a person can drive them back to using. Therefore, limiting or stopping a person’s physical Phenelzine withdrawal symptoms allows them to focus on making a full recovery.
By completing a residential rehab program following rapid detox, individuals can fully recover from their Phenelzine addiction.