Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Italy
Italy is a beautiful country with a long and illustrious history of theater, music and art. However, like other European countries, Italy has suffered huge drug losses. The biggest drug problem of the past three decades has been heroin. Coincidentally, other opioids such as morphine have become hard to come by, so anyone who has used heroin has no choice but to find heroin. Perhaps because of a plan devised by drug dealers, once many people became addicted to heroin, its price began to rise. Heroin traffickers who transported heroin to Western Europe and the United States transported the drug through northern Italy, and as with all major transit countries, there were supplies available for local residents. Milan became known as the heroin capital of Europe.
At the end of the report, there were about 205,000 high-risk opioid users, and another 60,000 were receiving opioid substitution therapy, that is, the use of methadone or buprenorphine as part of an addiction treatment program.
Alcohol dependence among managers and professionals is a growing problem in Italy. Alcohol dependence has an extremely negative impact on individuals, their families and the work environment. Private residential alcohol rehab treatment can change the life of an alcohol addict, restore their family relationships, and transform them from an unproductive worker and responsible worker in the workplace to a positive and fulfilling worker.
The Italian government responded by targeting both demand and supply.
In 2016, however, heroin remained the leading drug driving people to recovery. More than half of those in treatment reported that heroin was the main drug of abuse. The second is cocaine at 25% and the third is marijuana at 20%.
Cannabis resin is a big problem in Italy. Seizures of cannabis resin are sixteen times greater than those of herbal cannabis. Morocco is close to Italy and it is by far the first cannabis resin producing country in the world.
In 2012, the results of a year-long study of the atmosphere of eight Italian cities were published. The researchers took air samples from these eight cities to determine the presence of psychotropic substances floating around the city. Traces of cocaine and marijuana were found in small amounts in every city, the highest in Turin and the lowest in Palermo. Other cities tested were Bologna, Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome and Verona. The measurements were too small to affect anyone’s mental state, but they were simply indicative of widespread drug use in these cities.
Young people in this country do not use cocaine as much as in previous years, but the use of marijuana, ecstasy and methamphetamine is gradually increasing. Drug statistics among students (aged 15 and 16) are higher for use of alcohol, cannabis, other illicit drugs other than cannabis, and use of new (synthetic) psychoactive substances than the European average. Nearly 100% of these students used alcohol and about a quarter used cannabis.
One area where Italy is making progress is reducing drug-related deaths. The death toll has fallen to more than 300 since 2007 when the death toll was 800. A 2017 report found that the death rate in Italy is now well below the European average.
According to the 2019 Global Drug Survey, Italy ranked second in the world for cocaine use. More than 120,000 people from more than 35 countries were interviewed in the report. More than 4,000 Italians were asked how many days they used cocaine last year, and the results showed that Italy ranks second in average number of days from 10.
This is close to double the 6-day average and averages almost once a month with a Class A drug. Along with this, the purity of street cocaine is at its highest level in a decade, according to The Guardian. Unfortunately, higher purity cocaine can increase the risk of mental health problems, harm, and addiction.
Of the 4,105 Italian cocaine users surveyed, 64.6% reportedly want to use less, making them the most conflicted population group surveyed in the drug use report. However, despite this conflict, the European Drug Report 2019 (EDR 2019) reports an increase in the number of cocaine users treated since 2014 in Italy. A pan-European wastewater study also showed a marked increase in the amount of cocaine metabolites found in Milan’s wastewater between 2015 and 2018. Cocaine levels in Bolzano in 2018 were the same as in Milan.
Understanding the Severity of Addiction in Italy
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Addiction in Italy is diagnosed on a spectrum of eleven criteria, including:
- Lack of control
- Desire to quit but unable
- Spending a lot of time trying to get the substance
- Lack of responsibility
- Problems with relationships
- Loss of interest
- Dangerous use
- Worsening situations
The severity is determined by how many criteria you meet. For example, if two to three of the criteria apply to you, you would have a mild substance use disorder. But even if you have a mild diagnosis, you should still seek the help of qualified professionals.
When to go to Rehab in Italy
Substance abuse and co-occurring mental health disorders are responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths globally though when it comes to addiction it can prove very difficult to admit that a problem exists.
As a general guide if substance abuse and addictive behaviours are causing a negative effect on any aspect of your life then it’s time to consider a period of rehabilitation and recovery. If you’re questioning whether you may need help in rehabilitating your life then it’s very likely that you do, especially if your concerns are around alcohol, opioids or any other psychoactive substance.
Inpatient or Outpatient Recovery in Italy
After the decision has been made to undertake a period of rehabilitation one of the first decisions will be to choose between inpatient rehab or outpatient treatment. At Worlds Best Rehab we are firm advocates of inpatient treatment models, given the greater chance of long-term complete recovery.
Statistically, those choosing residential treatment in 48-day, 60-day or 90-day programs stand a greater chance of success long-term. The 28-day rehab model can also be successful although do remember that if the 28-days includes a period of medical detox then the total number of ‘therapeutic days’ will be greatly reduced. For this very reason many rehabs in Italy have after care or secondary treatment options to assist a client reintegrate into their new life in recovery.
Alcohol and Substance abuse is one of the biggest killers in the World with nearly 3 million directly attributable deaths per year and countless more unattributed. Even with these facts it remains the one with the most stigma. Worlds Best Rehab is designed to help people make informed choices about high end treatment for recovery from a life threatening condition.
Phase one of inpatient Italy rehab usually starts with detoxification and it’s the detox phase of recovery that presents the most brutal physical symptoms of addiction. Detox can be undertaken in a medically supervised home detox environment though this must be under the guidance and direction of a Italy rehab physician.
A poorly managed detox can be fatal as the potentially life-threatening effects of suddenly quitting (withdrawing) from alcohol and substance abuse can be very severe.
For many people it is safest and preferable to detox under medical supervision in a Italy rehab facility.
Next Phase of Italy Rehab
After a successful detox, therapeutic efforts begin at the in earnest at the Italy rehab of choice to address the underlying symptoms and catalysts that lead to substance abuse and behavioural disorder. During inpatient Italy rehab this phase of recovery includes therapy, counseling, peer support and medical care if required.
Admissions Process for Italy Rehab
There are many different pathways into rehab in Italy and we still believe that reaching out to rehabs and treatment centers directly is the best way.
You may be referred by your medical specialist or interventionist, but it pays to ask whether that physician or referrer will receive a commission for your admission. Be sure not to accept the first recommendation for a Rehab Facility in Italy and check our full list of handpicked and expertly vetted facilities in Italy.
From making the initial enquiry to a Italy Rehab our featured treatment centers will work with you to understand the nature of the clients condition and to assess whether their facility or treatment models are best suited to the individual needs and requirements. Often, a client will be based out of State or indeed internationally and the rehab team will work closely alongside other medical and sober transport agencies to ensure a safe and secure transport pathway to admission.
Cost of Rehab in Italy
Rehab in Italy can cost between $10,000 and $220,000+ per month depending on the individual rehab.
Outpatient Rehab Options in Italy
Outpatient treatment varies in length, depending on the specific needs of the patient and might require 13-26 hours of treatment participation per week and can last from 3 to 12 months. Outpatient treatment in Italy can be successful, of that there is no doubt. Though many patients need to draw upon huge reserves of self-motivation and self-discipline to fully recover. And during active addiction such reserves have generally been exhausted through the very cycle of addiction that leads a patient or their loved ones to consider rehab in Italy as the only option.
Dual Diagnosis in Italy
Dual diagnosis: In Italy , the term dual diagnosis refers to psychiatric disorder and addictive behavior. Dual diagnosis allows the treatment of co-occurring mental health issues alongside other individualized treatment methods.
Biochemical Restoration in Italy
Rehabs in Italy have embraced the importance of biochemical restoration over the past decade, in line with the general evolution of this dynamic approach to addiction treatment globally. Biochemical restoration in Italy analyses and treats the biochemical imbalances in the body that make a person more prone to addiction. Lab testing and blood work to identifies biochemical imbalances such as hormone levels, neurotransmitters, amino acids and nutrient deficiencies while checking for the presence of heavy metals and toxicities.
Nutritional rehabilitation in Italy
Comparing the symptoms of nutritional deficiencies that were formed during addiction assists nutritional experts to identify which exact biochemical imbalances are triggering the addictive state, and to begin to restore the biochemistry of the body, over the course of treatment. Proper nutrition can often be the last piece of the puzzle that can make biochemical restoration successful for sobriety.
Secondary Rehab in Italy
Secondary care rehabs cement the life skills required for recovery over a far longer period than would traditionally be feasible in a primary care facility. These extended exposure and life skills geared programs enables clients to operate their day to day lives and remain in a constructive system over a long period of time, which is universally the key to a sustained recovery.
Citations: Rehab in Italy
Mathews-Larson, J., & Parker, R. A. (1987). Alcoholism treatment with biochemical restoration as a major component. International Journal of Biosocial Research, 9(1), 92–104.
Hannah Ritchie and Max Roser (2019) – “Drug Use”. Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: https://ourworldindata.org/drug-use‘ [Online Resource]
Severe white matter damage in SHANK3 deficiency: a human and translational study (2019)
References for Rehab in Italy
The latest study can be found at the website of the Lancet here: TheLancet.com/GBD
The 2017 study was published as GBD 2017 Risk Factor Collaborators – “Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017” and is online here.
Further Guidance and Support: Rehab in Italy
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Author: Zara Smith, Editor @ Worlds Best Rehab
Title: Rehab in Italy
Business Name: Worlds Best Rehab
Address: Camden Business Center, 468 North Camden Drive, Beverley Hills, California, 90210. USA
Phone Number: +1 424 653 6860
Description: The Definitive Guide to the Worlds Best Rehabs
Keywords: Rehab in Italy / Luxury Rehab / Worlds Best Rehab
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