- Title: Hydromorphone Withdrawal
- Authored by Philippa Gold
- Edited by Hugh Soames
- Reviewed by Michael Por
- Detox and Withdrawal from Hydromorphone: At Worlds Best Rehab, we strive to provide the most up-to-date and accurate information on the web so our readers can make informed decisions. Our subject matter experts specialize in addiction treatment and behavioral healthcare. We follow strict guidelines when fact-checking information and only use credible sources when citing statistics and medical information. Look for the badge on our articles for the most up-to-date and accurate information. If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate or out-of-date, please let us know via our Contact Page
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What is Hydromorphone
Hydromorphone is one of the most widely abused drugs in North America and Worldwide. Addiction is nothing now, but what is new is the super worrying trend of increasing deaths due to Hydromorphone overdose. In part, this can be said to be due to a number of factors such as:
- Lack of education around Hydromorphone
- Increase in Pharmaceutical Prescriptions generally
- A failure of Governments worldwide to do enough to stop Hydromorphone addiction and related deaths
- Societal thinking regarding addicts and Hydromorphone addiction
- Lack of Harm Reduction methods around Hydromorphone usage
- Lack of addiction related education in the medical professional
Further reading about Hydromorphone from around the web
Hydromorphone, also known as dihydromorphinone, and sold under the brand name Dilaudid among others, is an opioid used to treat moderate to severe pain. Typically, long-term use is only recommended for pain due to cancer. It may be used by mouth or by injection into a vein, muscle, or under the skin. Effects generally begin within half an hour and last for up to five hours.
Common side effects include dizziness, sleepiness, nausea, itchiness, and constipation. Serious side effects may include abuse, low blood pressure, seizures, respiratory depression, and serotonin syndrome. Rapidly decreasing the dose may result in opioid withdrawal. Generally, use during pregnancy or breastfeeding is not recommended. Hydromorphone is believed to work by activating opioid receptors, mainly in the brain and spinal cord. Hydromorphone 2 mg IV is equivalent to approximately 10 mg morphine IV.
What Are Hydromorphone Withdrawal Symptoms?
Withdrawal from Hydromorphone is a serious matter. The effects on the body from Hydromorphone use is extreme, and because of these effects Hydromorphone withdrawal can very quickly become an acute medical emergency. Withdrawal from Hydromorphone can cause a hypertensive crisis or myocardial infraction. In other words, a stroke or heart attack caused by sudden stoppage in taking Hydromorphone or respiratory distress syndrome whereby your body shuts down from the lungs and respiratory system outwards. Hydromorphone withdrawal can also lead to serious anxiety and mental health related issues.
Never in any circumstances underestimate the seriousness of Hydromorphone withdrawal1https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2891684/. If you are withdrawing from Hydromorphone it is advisable to seek medical attention and in the case of medical emergency from Hydromorphone withdrawal do not hesitate to head to the nearest Emergency Room.
Hydromorphone withdrawal will vary for everyone and will be affected by several factors. The length and severity of Hydromorphone use with be one of the main predictors of withdrawal symptoms and intensity. With Hydromorphone withdrawal, it’s impossible to accurately predict how an individual will react to withdrawal.
Hydromorphone Withdrawal Timeline
Full Hydromorphone withdrawal often takes seven to fourteen days but sometimes longer, and the Hydromorphone withdrawal symptoms are categorized according to their severity.
There are no minor symptoms of Hydromorphone withdrawal. The first symptoms to exhibit themselves, usually 3-12 hours after Hydromorphone withdrawal starts proper are headaches, tremors, sweating, itching, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and total confusion with anxiety or depression.
These are followed relatively quickly by the next stage in Hydromorphone withdrawal timeline by:
- Digestive discomfort
- Heart palpitations
- Panic attacks
- Muscle pain
- Delirium tremens
Worryingly, every time an individual attempts Hydromorphone withdrawal the severity of symptoms tends to increase.
Hydromorphone withdrawal has a mortality rate of between three and 19 per cent, depending on seriousness of Hydromorphone usage.
Withdrawal from Hydromorphone is a physically demanding process, in which the body will utilize every means possible to remove toxins, while creating psychological challenges because of the changes to the individuals brain chemistry.
Hydromorphone Detox Process
The severity of Hydromorphone detox makes it a process that should be approached carefully. Hydromorphone Detox, especially for those with a heavy or long-lasting Hydromorphone dependency, produces a range of symptoms and in extreme cases withdrawal can be fatal. However much they may want to end their addiction to Hydromorphone, it’s vital to seek medical advice and enlist the support of their loved ones.
Hydromorphone Withdrawal at a Rehab
Detoxing from Hydromorphone within a treatment facility ensures medical help if it’s needed during the treatment process. Because Hydromorphone rebound is a significant danger during withdrawal, having medical personnel present 24-hours a day can mean an instant response to any hypertensive or life-threatening crisis that may occur as a professional tapering process lowers the chances of patients experiencing fatal episodes.
Hydromorphone withdrawal and detox begins with an initial medical exam to determine the patient’s physical condition upon entry into the rehab. This pre-detox Hydromorphone withdrawal period can last up to 24 hours, as medical personnel determines both the patient’s general medical condition and drug history.
Detoxification of the patient’s body from Hydromorphone begins after the pre-detox period ends. Medically assisted or tapered withdrawal from Hydromorphone can take up to a few weeks to complete.
Rapid Detox from Hydromorphone
Rapid detox from Hydromorphone is a controversial topic and one that is unlikely to be accepted by everyone for its positive uses. It is a concept that has helped individuals addicted to Hydromorphone and other drugs kick the habit and gain the help they need to live a healthier lifestyle.
A patient undergoing a rapid detox from Hydromorphone is put under anesthesia for up to six hours. During this time, an opioid antagonist drug such as naltrexone is used to remove the Hydromorphone from the patient’s body. Rapid detox can alleviate some of the more distressing symptoms of Hydromorphone withdrawal.
The Hydromorphone rapid detox method is used to stop a patient from feeling the devastating effects of Hydromorphone withdrawal. Sedating the patient and putting them under anaesthesia allows them to “sleep” through the initial heavy Hydromorphone withdrawal and detox process. The hope is that after the rapid detox process, the patient will wake up with their body completely clean of Hydromorphone. The remainder of the withdrawal process will be minimal enabling the person to get on with the rehab process. Throughout rapid detox, the patient is monitored to ensure safety.
Does Hydromorphone Rapid Detox Help Withdrawal Symptoms?
Experts claim that rapid detox from Hydromorphone is a safe way to cleanse the body. It is also more pleasant as individuals who go through Hydromorphone withdrawal can experience shakes, sweats, nausea, and other issues for long periods.
Hydromorphone withdrawal can take weeks to fully complete. However, rapid detox from Hydromorphone can take only a few days to a week at most. While the process of undergoing anaesthesia is just a few hours, Hydromorphone detox patients can be kept in a medical clinic for monitoring afterwards. The process enables a patient to get – for many – the most difficult and frightening part of rehab out of the way. Once completed, patients can focus on the mental and emotional side of recovery.
For most Hydromorphone addicts, the biggest barrier of attending rehab is withdrawal. The pain and distress Hydromorphone withdrawal can have on a person can drive them back to using. Therefore, limiting or stopping a person’s physical Hydromorphone withdrawal symptoms allows them to focus on making a full recovery.
By completing a residential rehab program following rapid detox, individuals can fully recover from their Hydromorphone addiction.