Couronne (Crown en espagnol) est une ville du comté de Riverside, en Californie, aux États-Unis. Lors du recensement de 2020, la ville comptait 157,136 152,374 habitants, contre 2010 48 au recensement de 77. Les villes de Norco et Riverside se trouvent au nord et au nord-est, Chino Hills et Yorba Linda au nord-ouest, Anaheim à l'ouest, la forêt nationale de Cleveland et les montagnes de Santa Ana au sud-ouest, et le comté non incorporé de Riverside le long du reste des frontières de la ville. . Le centre-ville de Corona se trouve à environ 95 miles (153 kilomètres) au sud-est du centre-ville de Los Angeles et à XNUMX miles (XNUMX km) au nord-nord-ouest de San Diego.
Corona, située le long de la bordure ouest de la région de l'Inland Empire en Californie du Sud, est connue sous le nom de « Circle City » en raison de la disposition circulaire de 3 km de Grand Boulevard. C'est l'une des villes les plus résidentielles de l'Inland Empire, mais elle a également une grande partie industrielle sur la moitié nord, étant le siège de sociétés telles que Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, Monster Beverage Corporation et le constructeur de supercars Saleen.
Corona is Spanish for couronne or couronne. Originally called Bord de rivière sud, citizens wanted to distinguish their city from the larger city of Riverside to the north. When it came time to incorporate the city a number of different names were considered, but the name Corona was chosen to play upon a unique feature of the city, the one-mile diameter drive that circled the center of the town.
Prior to the late eighteenth century, the area was primarily inhabited by the Tongva and Payómkawichum, who lived in a series of villages throughout the area. What is now Corona stood at the southeastern extent of Tovaangar, or the Tongva world, and at the northern edge of Payómkawichum territory.
The primary settlement in the area was the village of Paxauxa, which was established along the banks of the Temescal Creek at about where Corona is situated today. The settlement was shared by both the Tongva and Payómkawichum people. Cooperation and marriage between the two villages was common. High above the city of Corona, the village of Pamajam was also located in a small valley of the Santa Ana Mountains.
The founding of Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1776 and Mission San Luis Rey in 1798 saw the introduction of Spanish soldiers and missionaries in the area. This resulted in villagers being brought to the mission to be baptized and as labor.
Spanish influence increased in the area with the establishment of the San Antonio de Pala Asistencia in 1816. Two years following the construction of this mission outpost, the Temescal Valley’s first European resident, Leandro Serrano, was given permission by the Spanish to use the area for cattle grazing. His first order was to kill the local bear and mountain lion population for the imported herds.
After the secularization of the Spanish missions by the First Mexican Republic in 1833, the land under influence by the missions in Alta California was gradually granted to large landowners as ranches. In 1848, Californio governor Pio Pico issued this land to Bernardo Yorba, which included present-day city of Corona.
Corona was founded at the height of the Southern California citrus boom in 1886, and is situated at the upper end of the Santa Ana River Canyon, a significant pass through the Santa Ana Mountains. The town of Corona was once the “Lemon Capital of the World”. A museum there presents the lemon’s former role in the local economy. The city derived its name (and its nickname, “The Circle City”) from the unique layout of its streets, with a standard grid enclosed by the circular Grand Boulevard, 2.75 miles (4.43 km) in circumference. The street layout was designed by Hiram Clay Kellogg, a civil engineer from Anaheim who was an influential figure in the early development of Orange County.
Corona was established as a town by the South Riverside Land and Water Company. The company was incorporated in 1886; founding members included ex-Governor of Iowa Samuel Merrill, R.B. Taylor, George L. Joy, A.S. Garretson, and Adolph Rimpau. Originally a citrus growers’ organization, it purchased the lands of Rancho La Sierra of Bernardo Yorba, and the Rancho Temescal grant and the colony of South Riverside was laid out. They also secured the water rights to Temescal Creek, its tributaries and Lee Lake. Dams and pipelines were built to carry the water to the colony. In 1889, the Temescal Water Company was incorporated, to supply water for the new colony. This company purchased all the water-bearing lands in the Temescal valley and began drilling artesian wells.
Originally located in San Bernardino County, the city was named “South Riverside” and received its post office in that name on either May 27 or August 11, 1887 with Charles H. Cornell as the town’s first postmaster. In 1893, South Riverside became part of the new Riverside County. In 1896, the city was renamed “Corona” for its circular Grand Boulevard, where three international automobile races were held in 1913, 1914 and 1916.
The city of Corona has been popular among celebrities drawn to its upscale areas and relative privacy compared to Los Angeles. Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz spent time at their ranch, located in north Corona, and played golf often at the Cresta Verde Golf Course in the northeastern section of the city. After their divorce, Mr. Arnaz continued to live in Corona.
In recent years Corona has been known as the “Gateway to the Inland Empire”. Prior to the 1980s, the city was largely an agricultural community, dominated by citrus orchards, ranches, and dairy farms. High real estate prices in Los Angeles and Orange counties made the area’s land desirable to developers and industrialists, and by the late 1990s Corona was considered a major suburb of Los Angeles.
Housing development in the city has been accelerated by access to the area via the SR 91, with many families leaving Orange County to larger, more affordable housing available in the city. The construction of the nearby SR 71 has linked Corona to the Pomona and San Gabriel valleys. Due to traffic caused by Corona’s considerable growth, toll lanes have been built along the 91 freeway, with future toll lane expansions under construction and in the planning stages along Interstate 15. While there were talks to construct a proposed 10-mile (16 km) automobile and rail tunnel under Santiago Peak to connect Interstate 15 in Corona with Interstate 5 and SR 55 in Orange County to reduce commuter traffic on the crowded 91 freeway, this concept has been shelved indefinitely.
In 2002, the city government considered an initiative to secede from Riverside County and form an autonomous Corona County because the city government and some residents were dissatisfied with how services were handled in nearby areas. The effort was also considered by areas in other cities in the western part of the county as far south as Murrieta. Whether nearby cities such as Norco would have been included in the new county are unknown. The proposed county would have been bordered by San Bernardino County to the northwest and by Orange County to the west, but it never came to fruition.
Corona is located in western Riverside County, east of Orange County.
Selon le United States Census Bureau, la ville a une superficie totale de 38.9 miles carrés (101 km ), dont 38.8 miles carrés (100 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it, or 0.27%, is water.
Corona experiences a warm Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: CSA) and has mild to cool winters and hot summers. Most of the rainfall (as in all of Southern California) occurs during winter and early spring.
Winter days are pleasant, with the average highs staying in the mid to upper 60s. But compared to other areas in Southern California, winter lows are colder, with common frost and chilly mornings. Snowfall within city limits is rare. Snow flurries will occasionally fall, usually once every other year, but it very rarely snows to the point where it accumulates. The nearby Santa Ana Mountains receive a dusting of snow a few times each winter.
Spring brings pleasant weather with daytime temperatures in the mid to upper 70s, and nighttime lows in the upper 40s. Spring showers are common during the beginning of the season but are a rarity by late May.
Summertime is hot, with highs averaging in the low to mid 90s. During the hottest months, daytime temperatures in Corona can exceed 100 °F (38 °C). In early summer, Corona receives common overcast weather known as “May Gray” and “June Gloom”. Summer thunderstorms are sporadic and usually happen between July and September from the North American Monsoons, bringing increased humidity and scattered thunderstorms.
Autumn features warm days and sharply cooler evenings, but can be windy due to the Santa Ana winds, blowing in two or three times a year from October to December.
Businesses with global, national or major regional headquarters in Corona include:
Selon le rapport financier annuel complet 2022 de la ville, les meilleurs employeurs de la ville sont :
The 2010 United States Census reported that Corona had a population of 152,374. The population density was 3,914.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,511.2/km2). The racial makeup of Corona was 90,925 (59.7%) White (40.1% Non-Hispanic White), 8,934 (5.9%) African American, 1,153 (0.8%) Native American, 16,205 (10.6%) Asian, 552 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 28,003 (18.4%) from other races, and 7,759 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 66,447 persons (41.9%); 33.7% of Corona’s population are Mexican-American, 2.1% Puerto Rican, 1.2% Cuban, 1.2% Salvadoran, 1.1% Guatemalan, 0.5% Colombian, 0.5% Peruvian, 0.5% Argentine, 0.3% Honduran, 0.2% Nicaraguan, and 0.2% Ecuadorian. Among Asian-Americans, 2.3% of Corona’s population were Filipino, 2.1% Vietnamese, 1.7% Korean, 1.4% Indian-Americans, 1.1% Chinese, 0.7% Japanese, 0.4% Pakistani, 0.2% Thai, and 0.1% Bangladeshi. The second largest group of Corona’s population is made up of White Americans; the largest groups were 11.1% German-American, 6.7% Irish, 6.2% English, 4.0% Italian, 2.7% French, 1.6% Polish, 1.3% Dutch, 1.2% Norwegian, 1.1% Scottish, 1.1% Swedish. Middle Eastern/North African (MENA) people made up 2.5% of the population.
Le recensement a indiqué que 151,863 99.7 personnes (229% de la population) vivaient dans des ménages, 0.2 (282%) vivaient dans des quartiers de groupe non institutionnalisés et 0.2 (XNUMX%) étaient institutionnalisés.
Il y avait 44,950 22,735 ménages, dont 50.6 18 (27,357 %) avaient des enfants de moins de 60.9 ans qui y vivaient, 5,971 13.3 (3,004 %) étaient des couples mariés de sexe opposé vivant ensemble, 6.7 2,690 (6.0 %) avaient une femme au foyer sans mari. présents, 360 0.8 (6,455%) avaient un homme au foyer sans femme présente. Il y avait 14.4 2,224 (4.9 %) partenariats non mariés de sexe opposé et 65 (3.38 %) couples mariés ou partenariats de même sexe. 36,332 80.8 ménages (3.72 %) étaient composés d'individus et XNUMX XNUMX (XNUMX %) avaient une personne vivant seule âgée de XNUMX ans ou plus. La taille moyenne des ménages était de XNUMX. Il y avait XNUMX XNUMX familles (XNUMX % de tous les ménages) ; la taille moyenne de la famille était de XNUMX.
La population était dispersée, avec 45,674 30.0 personnes (18 %) de moins de 15,504 ans, 10.2 18 personnes (24 %) de 44,215 à 29.0 ans, 25 44 personnes (35,801 %) de 23.5 à 45 ans, 64 11,180 personnes (7.3 %) de 65 à 32.5 et 100 97.0 personnes (100 %) âgées de 18 ans ou plus. L'âge médian était de 94.5 ans. Pour XNUMX femmes, il y avait XNUMX hommes. Pour XNUMX femmes de XNUMX ans et plus, il y avait XNUMX hommes.
Il y avait 47,174 1,211.8 logements à une densité moyenne de 467.9 30,210 par mile carré (67.2 / km), dont 14,740 32.8 (2.3%) étaient occupés par des propriétaires et 5.3 103,170 (67.7%) étaient occupés par des locataires. Le taux d'inoccupation des propriétaires était de 48,693 %; le taux de vacance locative est de 32.0 %. XNUMX XNUMX personnes (XNUMX % de la population) vivaient dans des logements occupés par leur propriétaire et XNUMX XNUMX personnes (XNUMX %) vivaient dans des logements locatifs.
During 2009–2013, Corona had a median household income of $77,123, with 10.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
Au recensement de 2000, il y avait 124,996 37,839 personnes, 30,384 3,555.5 ménages et 1,372.8 XNUMX familles résidant dans la ville. La densité de population était de XNUMX XNUMX habitants par mile carré (XNUMX / km2). There were 39,271 housing units at an average density of 1,117.3 per square mile (431.4/km). The racial makeup of the city was 75.0% White, 6.4% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 7.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 17.5% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. 25.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Il y avait 37,839 49.6 ménages, dont 18 % avaient des enfants de moins de 63.8 ans vivant avec eux, 11.2 % étaient des couples mariés vivant ensemble, 19.7 % avaient une femme au foyer sans mari présent et 14.4 % n'étaient pas des familles. 3.8 % de tous les ménages étaient composés d'individus et 65 % avaient une personne vivant seule âgée de 3.3 ans ou plus. La taille moyenne des ménages était de 3.6 et la taille moyenne des familles était de XNUMX.
Dans la ville, la population était dispersée, avec 33.4 % de moins de 18 ans, 8.9 % de 18 à 24 ans, 35.1 % de 25 à 44 ans, 16.8 % de 45 à 64 ans et 5.8 % de 65 ans ou plus. plus âgée. L'âge médian était de 30 ans. Pour 100 femmes, il y avait 98.0 hommes. Pour 100 femmes âgées de 18 ans et plus, il y avait 95.6 hommes.
The median income for a household in the city was $98,615, and the median income for a family was $83,505 (these figures had risen to $88,620 and $95,450 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $44,752 versus $31,884 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,001. About 6.0% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
The city’s downtown area is circled by Grand Boulevard, which is unique for being perfectly circular. The street is approximately 1 mi (1.6 km) in diameter.
The city is served by the Corona (SR 71), Interstate 15 (I-15), and Riverside (SR 91) freeways.
There is a proposal to erect a new four-lane freeway along or near Cajalco Road to connect Interstates 15 and 215, although the plan remains controversial. In addition, there is a possibility of constructing a 7.5 mi (12.1 km) tunnel under the Santiago Peak Mountains to the Eastern Transportation Corridor of the FastTrak toll-road company system in Orange, due to increased commuter traffic on State Route 91, which needs to be reduced by another freeway between Orange and Riverside counties.
Corona Municipal Airport (FAA designator: AJO) serves the city and has a 3,200-foot (980 m) runway. On January 20, 2008, two small passenger aircraft collided over Corona, killing all four men aboard the planes and another man on the ground. In the past ten years, there have been five fatal plane crashes around Corona.
The city is linked with the 91 Line and Inland Empire–Orange County Line of the Metrolink commuter rail system, providing service to Los Angeles, Perris, San Bernardino, and Oceanside from the North Main Corona Metrolink Station in the Downtown area and the West Corona Metrolink Station in Corona’s west side.
The City of Corona operates its own transportation system called the Corona Cruiser. It consists of two circular routes around the city.
Corona’s public transportation also includes the following bus lines: RTA route 1 from West Corona to UC Riverside, RTA route 3 from Corona Regional Medical Center to Swan Lake in nearby Eastvale, RTA route 214 from Downtown Corona to The Village shopping center in Orange, RTA route 206 from Downtown Corona to Temecula, OCTA bus route from Anaheim to South Corona Walmart (Ontario Avenue), and the Corona Cruiser blue and red lines.
Corona is served by the following three hospitals:
The city of Corona is a part of the Corona-Norco Unified School District and the Alvord Unified School District. Corona-Norco serves the majority of the city while Alvord serves a small section of eastern Corona.
There are five high schools in Corona: Corona, Centennial, Lee V. Pollard, Orange Grove, Santiago.
There are five middle schools in Corona: Auburndale, Citrus Hills, Corona Fundamental, El Cerrito, Raney.
There are also 28 elementary schools in the city: John Adams, Susan B. Anthony, Cesar Chavez, Corona Ranch, Coronita, Dwight Eisenhower, Foothill, Ben Franklin, Garretson, Home Gardens, Jefferson, Lincoln Alternative, William McKinley, Orange, Parkridge, Prado View, Promenade, Riverview, Ronald Reagan, Sierra Vista, Stallings, Temescal Valley, Dr. Bernice Todd, Vandermolen, Vicentia, Victress Bower, George Washington and Woodrow Wilson.
Private schools include St. Edward Catholic School and Crossroads Christian School.
The World Mosquito Control Association (WMCA) is located in Corona.
Southern California Edison provides most of the city’s electricity and a small part of the city is serviced by Corona Department of Water and Power. Waste Management Inc. provides waste disposal for the city. Southern California Gas Company provides natural gas services.
The Corona Sunnyslope Cemetery is a for-profit cemetery established in 1892. Notable burials include USC Trojans athletic director Jess Hill.
California Institution for Women of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation has a “Corona, CA” mailing address, but is in the City of Chino.
Centered around Grand Boulevard Historic District (GBHD), Downtown District is the oldest area of the city by far, and encompasses portions of the neighborhoods of Civic Center and Circle City along with the entirety of GBHD.
The area north of Grand Boulevard Circle centered around N Main St, named North Main Street District, underwent drastic rebranding, redevelopment, and repair beginning in 2017, particularly on the west side of N Main St. Metro at Main – a large mixed-use development featuring apartments atop retail with additional retail along the property – is a commuter community due to its close proximity to Metrolink’s Corona – North Main Station, and both SR 91 and I-15 freeways. The east side of N Main St – particularly E Harrison St and E Blaine ST between N Main St and N Joy St – will be converted to a mixed-use community featuring apartments and retail, further making use of the close proximity to Corona – North Main Station.
Beginning at the intersection of S Main St and Olive St – one block south of the Grand Boulevard Circle – Historic South Main Street Palms District is a long stretch of varying species of palms that were planted and integrated into the landscaping plan for South Corona in the early 20th century. It includes all of the houses and businesses along S Main St between Olive St and Chase Dr.
The Arts Alive Council is a non-profit organization created with the purpose to “foster, promote, and increase the public knowledge and appreciation of the arts and cultural activities in the greater Corona Area.” Members include the Corona Symphony Orchestra, Circle City Chorale, Christian Arts and Theater, and Corona Dance Academy.
Off Broadway Corona Theater (OBCTheater) is a non-profit organization. They produce two to three theatrical productions each year that are presented at the Corona Civic Center Auditorium.
The following are Corona’s sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International.